Brucellosis is a zoonosis – an animal infection that can spread to humans – caused by the Brucella bacteria which are transmitted to humans by infected animals such as cows, sheep, goats, pigs, camels, bison, or dogs.
Brucella bacteria are found worldwide. Travellers are at risk when coming into contact with infected animals or contaminated dairy and meat products through:
Usually symptoms appear between 5 to 60 days, sometimes longer, and include fever, headaches, sweats, back pain and general weakness. In more severe cases, the bacteria attack the central nervous system and the heart, and patients suffer from chronic joint pain, fatigue and recurring fevers. Treatment includes antibiotics.
There is no preventive medication or vaccination available against Brucellosis for humans.
Information last updated: June 09, 2018