Turkmenistan: Travel Health Information

Turkmenistan is known for its history, attractions, and cuisine. In the capital city of Ashgabat, travellers can take in five million square metres of white marble, gold-lacquered buildings, and monuments to historical figures.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Turkmenistan may differ from your home country. Turkmenistan has a public healthcare system and a small private system. Healthcare typically does not meet international standards and training for physicians can be poor. It is common to experience longer-than-average wait times for care. Traditional forms of medicine are also frequently practiced.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Turkmenistan typically require upfront payment in cash, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Due to limited healthcare services, medical evacuation to Western Europe is common for serious health emergencies. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Turkmenistan.

Prescription medicines can be purchased in pharmacies or hospitals, and in most cases, the patient must pay upfront and out-of-pocket. Pharmacists are trained but the standard of training may differ from your home country.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Turkmenistan’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Road conditions in Turkmenistan can vary by region. Road conditions are typically very poor in rural areas but are better maintained in cities. Seat belts are required for front and rear seat passengers at all times. Helmets must be worn by drivers and passengers of motorcycles at all times.

Travelling to Turkmenistan?

Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Turkmenistan. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:

Travel health planner

Turkmenistan At A Glance

Capital: Ashgabat

Population: 5.75 million

Official languages: Turkmen & Russian

Time zone: Turkmenistan Standard Time (AST)

Emergency #: 03

Vaccinations required: No

Risk of malaria: No

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