Population: 1.269 million
Official languages: Tetum & Portuguese
Time zone: East Timor Time (TLT)
Emergency #: 122
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Popular travel destinations in Timor-Leste (East Timor) include Atauro Island, Cristo Rei, and Xanana Cultural Centre.
The standards for patient care and medical services in Timor-Leste may differ from your home country. Timor-Leste has both public and private health sectors, with private sectors located mostly in urban areas. Medical care is extremely limited throughout the country and access to healthcare is a major concern, particularly in rural areas. Compared to international standards, there are a high number of physicians, but an inadequate number of nurses and medical specialists.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals typically require upfront payment in cash, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Due to limited healthcare services, medical emergencies typically require evacuation to Singapore or Australia. You should ensure you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance and evacuation coverage to reimburse you and cover any additional medical costs. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Timor-Leste.
Pharmacies are not well stocked and essential medications may be unavailable or in short supply. Drugs that usually require a prescription may be dispensed without one. However, you should not take any medication without first consulting a healthcare practitioner. Unqualified staff can dispense medication and there is limited quality control of medications so pharmacies may sell expired or fake medications.
If you are travelling with medication, check with Timor-Leste's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a narcotic or psychotropic, you can review Timor-Leste's regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.
Roads in Timor-Leste are poorly maintained. Ambulance services are not reliable and public transport such as taxis and buses are not maintained to safety standards. There is a seat belt law applied to all occupants of a vehicle. Driving occurs on the left-hand side of the road.
Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Timor-Leste. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary: