Population: 68.86 million
Official language: Thai
Time zone: Indochina time (ICT)
Emergency #: 191
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Thailand (officially the Kingdom of Thailand) is best known for its traditional temples, royal palaces, and beaches. Popular destinations include Sukhothai Historical Park, the Khmer ruins in Prasat Hin Phimai, and Phang Nga Bay.
The standards for patient care and medical services in Thailand may differ from your home country. Thailand has both public and private health sectors. Private hospitals offer high quality medical care and are more likely to have English-speaking staff than public facilities. Bangkok is considered to have some of the best medical care in Southeast Asia, but services outside the capital do not always meet international standards.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Thailand typically require upfront payment with cash or credit card, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Thailand.
Many medications that typically require a prescription are available over-the-counter in Thailand. However, do not take medication without consulting a healthcare practitioner. Avoid buying medications from markets or unlicensed pharmacies, as fake medication is a common problem.
If you are travelling with medication, check with Thailand's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a narcotic or psychotropic, you can review Thailand's regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.
Road safety is a major concern in Thailand; the country has the second highest incidence of road traffic fatalities in the world. Road rules are rarely followed or enforced and traffic is often chaotic. Travellers should avoid motorcycles and mopeds, including motorcycle taxis due to the high risk of injury. Motorcycle drivers and their passengers are required to wear a helmet at all times. Driving occurs on the left-hand side of the road.
Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Thailand. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:
IAMAT-affiliated doctors are available in Thailand.