Tajikistan: Travel Health Information

Tajikistan is known for its mountain ranges. Travellers can trek through the Fann Mountains, visit some of the country’s 8000 glaciers, and explore cultural sites such as the Ethnography museum, Khojand Citadel, and Rudaki Mausoleum.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Tajikistan may differ from your home country. Tajikistan has public and private health sectors. The public sector is small and private sector services are more common. Healthcare standards in Tajikistan vary by region and do not always meet international standards. Inadequate training of healthcare professionals, lack of generic drugs, and outdated equipment affects the quality of medical services.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Tajikistan typically require upfront payment in cash, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Due to limited healthcare, evacuation may be required for serious health emergencies. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Tajikistan.

The availability of pharmacies in Tajikistan can vary by region. Most pharmacies are privately owned and patients typically purchase medicine in cash. Many medicines can be purchased over-the-counter, but some may require a prescription or formal request, which must be obtained from a doctor.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Tajikistan’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a psychotropic or narcotic, you can review Tajikistan’s regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Road conditions in Tajikistan can vary by region. Roads in major cities are generally well maintained, but Tajikistan has a higher rate of road accidents than many other countries, so caution should be taken while driving. Seat belts are required for front and rear seat passengers at all times. Helmets must be worn by all drivers and passengers of motorcycles.

Travelling to Tajikistan?

Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Tajikistan. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:

Travel health planner

Tajikistan At A Glance

Capital: Dushanbe

Population: 8.92 million

Official languages: Tajiki, Persian, Russian

Time zone: Tajikistan Time (TJT)

Emergency #: 112

Vaccinations required: No

Risk of malaria: Yes

Travel Health Journal