Risk is absent in most of the country; risk exists only in specified areas:
Risk is present in the western emirates of 'Asir, and Jizan bordering Yemen.
Note: The cities of Jeddah, Medina, Mecca, Taif, and Riyadh are risk free.
Malaria risk is present below the altitude of : 2000 meters
High risk months for Malaria are: January to December
Malaria transmission vector(s): A.arabiensis, A.sergentii, A.stephensi
Incidence of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria: 99%
Of the five species of human malaria parasites, Plasmodium falciparum is the most dangerous. The remaining percentage represents malaria infections that may be caused by one or more of the following parasites: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium knowlesi.
Areas with drug resistant Malaria: P. falciparum malaria is resistant to chloroquine. Resistance is present in all malarious areas of Saudi Arabia.
Suppressive medication is not recommended.
Travellers going to risk areas should follow meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures from dusk to dawn during the malaria season. Download IAMAT's whitepaper How to Protect Yourself Against Malaria for details.