IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers| IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers|

Rwanda General Health Risks: Schistosomiasis

Infection is transmitted by snails living in fresh water such as lakes, rivers, streams and ponds in Africa, and some countries in Southeast Asia, South America, and the Caribbean.

Schistosomiasis - Overview Be Aware of Schistosomiasis World Schistosomiasis Risk Chart

Schistosomiasis risk is present in most of the country, except areas described:

S. mansoni is endemic throughout the country – including lakes Muhazi, Kivu, Rweru, Mugesera, Burera, and Ruhondo. Akagera National Park and the following districts are considered risk free: Kayonza and Gatsibo (East Province), Rulindo (North Province), Kicukiro and Nyarugenge (Kigali Province), Kamonuyi, Ruhango, Nyanza, Huye, and Nyamagabe (South Province). Additional snail intermediate hosts: Biomphalaria choanomphala, Biomphalaria stanleyi, and Biomphalaria smithi.

Risk of Schistosomiasis caused by: Schistosoma mansoni

The main intermediate host snail is: Biomphalaria pfeifferi, Biomphalaria sudanica, see text above for additional intermediate snail host.


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