Population: 52.89 million
Official language: Burmese
Time zone: Myanmar Standard Time (MMT)
Emergency #: 192
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Myanmar (also known as Burma) includes popular travel destinations such as Shwedagon Paya, Mt. Kyaiktiyo, Ngapali Beach, and Kothaung Paya.
The standards for patient care and medical services in Myanmar may differ from your home country. Myanmar has both public and private health sectors, but there is a national shortage of doctors and nurses. The public sector is significantly understaffed, as most of the country’s physicians and nurses work in the private sector. Healthcare professionals are not always trained to an international standard for routine care. Healthcare in major cities such as Mandalay and Rangoon may be adequate, but rural healthcare facilities are poorly equipped and do not meet international standards.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Myanmar typically require upfront payment with cash, regardless if you have travel health insurance in place. Due to limited healthcare services, medical evacuation to Bangkok, Thailand is common for serious health emergencies. You should ensure you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Myanmar.
Essential medications may be in short supply or unavailable, particularly in rural areas. Private pharmacies are more likely to have a better supply of medications but staff may not be trained pharmacists. Avoid purchasing medication from markets or unlicensed pharmacies, as fake medication (particularly fake anti-malarial medication) is a common problem in Myanmar.
If you are travelling with medication, check with Myanmar's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a narcotic or psychotropic, you can review Myanmar's regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.
Roads outside major cities are in poor condition and unlit at night. Myanmar has a relatively high road traffic death rate and there is no national seatbelt law. However, all passengers should wear their seat belt at all times for safety.
Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Myanmar. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:
IAMAT-affiliated doctors are available in Myanmar.