Mongolia is home to vast natural landscapes and a traditional nomadic culture. With a population of just over 3 million, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Popular tourist destinations include Gandan Khiid, Chinggis Khaan Square, Erdene Zuu Khiid, National Museum of Mongolia and Chojin Lama Temple Museum.
The standards for patient care and medical services in Mongolia may differ from your home country. Mongolia has both public and private health sectors. Medical facilities are limited, especially outside of Ulaanbaatar. Medical services are inexpensive but they are below international standards.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Mongolia typically require upfront payment in cash, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Due to limited healthcare services, medical evacuation to China or South Korea is common for serious health emergencies. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Mongolia.
Medications may be in short supply or unavailable. Pharmacists and persons dispensing medication must be licensed. Most community pharmacies are owned by qualified pharmacists. Avoid buying medications from markets or unlicensed pharmacies, as fake medication is a concern.
If you are travelling with medication, check with Mongolia’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.
Road conditions in Mongolia can vary and traffic is often chaotic. Road rules are not always followed or enforced. Roads outside of Ulaanbaatar may not be paved. All occupants of a vehicle are required to wear seat belts. Motorcycle drivers and passengers are required to wear a helmet at all times.
Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Mongolia. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:
Population: 3.076 million
Official language: Mongolian
Time zone: Hovd Time (HOVT), Ulaanbaatar Time (ULAT), Choibalsan Time (CHOT)
Emergency #: 103
Vaccinations required: No
Risk of malaria: No