Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Population: 31.19 million
Official language: Malay
Time zone: Malaysia Standard Time (MST)
Emergency #: 999
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Malaysia is known for its rainforests, mountains and beaches, with popular travel destinations including the Batu Caves, Kampung Baru, Mount Kinabalu, and Kinabalu National Park.
The standards for patient care and medical services in Malaysia may differ from your home country. Malaysia has public and private health sectors available. Both public and private facilities in major cities are well-equipped, but the public sector has a shortage of doctors and nurses. Healthcare facilities in rural areas are generally not adequate and do not meet international standards.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Malaysia typically require upfront payment with cash or credit card, regardless if you have travel health insurance. You should ensure you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance coverage to reimburse you and cover any additional medical costs. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Malaysia.
Pharmacies are well-stocked and pharmacists are trained to international standards. There are strict regulations regarding the importation and use of prescription narcotics in the country. If you are carrying prescription medication into Malaysia, check if your medication is regulated before you depart.
If you are travelling with medication, check with Malaysia's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a narcotic or psychotropic, you can review Malaysia's regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.
The country can experience poor air quality from June to October due to forest fires in neighbouring Indonesia.
Roads in Malaysia are generally in good condition, but may be unlit in rural areas. Drivers should take precautions during the rainy season, as some roads may become flooded. Driving occurs on the left-hand side of the road.
Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Malaysia. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:
IAMAT-affiliated doctors are available in Malaysia.