Schistosomiasis risk is present in the described areas only:
Iraq has implemented a Schistosomiasis control and elimination program resulting in reduced prevalence of the disease. S. haematobium cases have been reported along the entire Euphrates and Tigris (as far north as Samarra) river systems, their tributaries, irrigation canals, marsh areas, and urban areas. Isolated cases have been reported in the area of Tall Kayf (Nineveh Governorate) and in Al Qa’im (Al-Anbar Governorate).
Note: The mountainous regions of the northeastern part of the country bordering Iran, namely the provinces of Erbil, Kirkuk, and Sulaymaniyah are risk free.
Risk of Schistosomiasis caused by: Schistosoma haematobium
The main intermediate host snail is: Bulinus truncatus