Population: 80.26 million
Official language: Persian
Time zone: Iran Standard Time (IRST)
Emergency #: 115
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Iran (officially the Islamic Republic of Iran) is a mountainous country that includes popular travel destinations such as Persepolis, Tabriz Bazaar, Iranian Artists’ Forum, Golestan Palace and Sa’d Abad Museum Complex.
The standards for patient care and medical services in Iran may differ from your home country. Iran has both public and private health sectors. Publicly-run facilities provide the majority of the country’s healthcare, while the private sector provides some secondary and tertiary care in urban areas. The quality of healthcare in Iran varies. Healthcare in major cities such as Tehran may provide an adequate standard of care, but facilities throughout most of the country fail to meet international standards. Private facilities are reported to have shorter wait-times and provide a slightly higher standard of care than public facilities. Many doctors in Iran have been trained outside of the country and speak English.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Iran typically require upfront payment in cash regardless if you have travel health insurance. Due to limited healthcare services, medical evacuation to Western Europe is common for serious health emergencies. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance and evacuation coverage to reimburse you and cover any additional medical costs. Before you depart, check with your insurer and evacuation company about the extent of their coverage in Iran.
Essential medications may be temporarily unavailable or in short supply. Pharmacies are typically found in urban areas and medications in rural areas may be limited. Avoid buying medications from markets or unlicensed pharmacies, as fake medication is a common problem.
If you are travelling with medication, check with Iran's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.
Iran has one of the highest road traffic death rates in the world. Road rules are rarely followed or enforced and traffic is often chaotic. There is a national seat belt law that applies to all passengers of a vehicle.
Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Iran. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary: