Schistosomiasis risk is present in the whole country, including urban areas:
S. mansoni is endemic in Ethiopia, including in the Omo, Awash, and Blue Nile river valleys. S. haematobium is also present, specifically in the lower Awash Valley, along the Shebelle River in Ogaden (Somali Region) on the border with Somalia, and in the western part of the country on the border with South Sudan. Additional intermediate snail host for S. haematobium: Bulinus abyssinicus.
Risk of Schistosomiasis caused by:Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma mansoni
The main intermediate host snail is: Bulinus africanus, Biomphalaria pfeifferi, Biomphalaria sudanica, see text for additional intermediate snail host.