IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers| IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers|

El Salvador


El Salvador General Health Risks:

Malaria is transmitted by the night-time - dusk to dawn - biting female Anopheles mosquito.

Malaria - Overview How to Protect Yourself Against Malaria World Malaria Risk Chart

Risk is present in the country; areas of risk are specified:

Risk is present in rural areas in the departments of Santa Ana and Ahuachapan bordering Guatemala. Sporadic cases are also reported from the departments of Sonsonate and La Union. Persons travelling extensively in these rural areas should take meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures.

Note: The city of San Salvador is risk free.

Malaria risk is present below the altitude of : 1000 meters

High risk months for Malaria are: January to December

Malaria transmission vector(s): A.albimanus, A.pseudopunctipennis

Incidence of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria: < 1%
Of the five species of human malaria parasites, Plasmodium falciparum is the most dangerous. The remaining percentage represents malaria infections that may be caused by one or more of the following parasites: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium knowlesi.

Suppressive Medication Guide

Suppressive medication is not recommended.

Travellers going to risk areas should follow meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures from dusk to dawn during the malaria season. Download IAMAT's whitepaper How to Protect Yourself Against Malaria for details. 

Travel Health Journal