Central African Republic General Health Risks: Hepatitis E
Recent cases of Hepatitis E have been confirmed in the north-western part of the country. Hepatitis E is highly endemic in the Central African Republic.
For the latest information on Hepatitis E outbreaks please go to: WHO Weekly Updates on Outbreaks and Other Emergencies. Week 40: 29 September - 05 October 2018. <WHO>. Accessed on October 09, 2018.
Hepatitis E (HEV) is a viral infection causing inflammation of the liver. It is primarily acquired by ingesting water contaminated with fecal matter. The virus is also transmitted from person to person through the fecal-oral route as a result of poor body hygiene practices. In some regions, such as Europe and Japan, pigs, deer, and wild boars are known to be reservoirs for Hepatitis E and it can be contracted by eating raw or undercooked meat such as pig liver and venison.
The infection is present worldwide, although its prevalence varies in different regions. Travellers drinking untreated water, eating undercooked meats, or going to areas with poor sanitation are at risk.
Usually symptoms appear 2 to 9 weeks after exposure to the virus and include fever, fatigue, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, and jaundice. Treatment includes supportive care of symptoms.
There is currently no commercially available preventive vaccine or medication against Hepatitis E.
Always drink boiled or treated water.
Eat well cooked meats.
Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently with soap and water. If not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Practice good body hygiene.
Health risk description last reviewed: September 19, 2016 Country information last updated: October 09, 2018
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Wertheim, Heiman; Horby, Peter; Woodall, John, eds. Atlas of Human Infectious Diseases. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012. 273 p.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Hepatitis E