IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers| IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers|

Country Health Advice Brazil

Required Vaccinations: Yellow Fever

Brazil has confirmed Yellow Fever cases in the states of Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Pará, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Tocantins.

A Yellow Fever vaccination certificate is only required for travellers coming from Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.*

Children: A vaccination certificate is required for children over 9 months of age.

* RECOMMENDATION: Vaccination is recommended for all travellers over 9 months of age. There is no risk of Yellow Fever in the following states: Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pemambuco, Alagoas, and Sergipe. 

Alert: Countries may change their vaccination requirements without notice and in some instances border agents use their discretion to deny entry despite the officially stated requirements.

If there is risk of Yellow Fever at your destination, whether vaccination is required for entry or not, be prepared to show a certificate of vaccination or a waiver stating the medical reasons for not being vaccinated.

Last updated: January 17, 2018

For the latest information on Yellow Fever outbreaks please go to: ProMED-mail. Yellow fever - Americas (03): Brazil (SP). ProMED-mail 2018; January 17: 20180117.5561450.<ProMED-mail> . Accessed on January 17, 2018.

Risk of Yellow Fever transmission exists in these countries:
AFRICA - Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda.

AMERICAS - Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

Validity of certificate
A Yellow Fever certificate is valid 10 days after vaccination.

The World Health Organization announced that as of 11 July 2016, existing and new Yellow Fever vaccination certificates are valid for life. Countries can no longer require travellers to show proof of re-vaccination or a booster dose as a condition of entry. Travellers should note that this new regulation may not be honoured by all border authorities during the transition phase.

Note: A vaccination waiver can be issued by your medical practitioner if the Yellow Fever vaccine is contraindicated for medical reasons. Be aware that problems may arise when crossing borders and the vaccination waiver may not be honoured. Take meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures during the daytime in Yellow Fever risk areas. More details on insect bite prevention.

Yellow Fever symptoms, prevention, and vaccine contraindications

Travel Health Journal