IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers| IAMAT |International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers|

Country Health Advice Brazil

General Health Risks: Chagas Disease

Chagas Disease is transmitted by the Triatoma insect in rural and suburban areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the southern United States.

Chagas Disease - Overview Be Alert to Chagas Disease

Recent cases of Chagas have been confirmed in the Lábrea municipality of Amazonas state.

For more information about Chagas Disease outbreaks please go to: ProMED-mail. Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) - Brazil: Amazonas. ProMED-mail 2018; January 13: 20180113.5557665. <ProMED-mail>. Accessed on January 26, 2018. 

Note: In 2006, urban and suburban areas were declared free of transmission by T. infestans (the most domesticated vector) due to extensive public education and eradication programs. However, the extent of human infection in remote rural areas, especially in the Amazon region, is unknown and might be aggravated by increased settlement, deforestation and destruction of forest (sylvatic) habitats. Vectors and wild animal reservoirs are present throughout Brazil.

Main vectors: Triatoma infestans, Panstrongylus megistus, Triatoma brasiliensis, Triatoma sordida. The insects are locally known as 'barbeiros'.

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