Belgium: Travel Health Information

Belgium is known for its medieval towns and the country’s famous cuisine, beers, and chocolate. Belgium is also home to the headquarters of the European Union, located in the capital city of Brussels.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Belgium may differ from your home country. Belgium’s healthcare operates under a centrally controlled mixed public-private system that provides a high standard of care. It is common for doctors and nurses to speak at least some English.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Belgium typically require upfront payment in cash or credit card, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Belgium.

Pharmacies are widely available. Prescriptions for medications must be obtained from a doctor and prescription drugs cannot be purchased without one. Pharmacists are trained and licensed.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Belgium’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a psychotropic or narcotic, you can review Belgium’s regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Roads in Belgium are very well maintained. Seat belts must be worn by all passengers in vehicles at all times. Cycling is popular in Belgium for locals and tourists alike. Helmets are not mandatory when cycling, but should be worn at all times for safety.

Travelling to Belgium?

Before you go, check the list of vaccines and relevant health risks for Belgium. For personalized advice, check out our Travel Health Planner to get health information that’s tailored to all the destinations on your itinerary:

Travel health planner

Need a doctor?

IAMAT-affiliated doctors are available in Belgium.

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Belgium At A Glance

Capital: Brussels

Population: 11.35 million

Official languages: French, German, & Dutch

Time zone: Central European Time (CET), Central European Summer Time (CEST)

Emergency #: 112

Vaccinations required: No

Risk of malaria: No

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